The melinjo tree is a medium sized tree that can grow up to 22m tall. The leaves of a melinjo tree are oval shaped, 15-25 cm long, 5-9 cm wide, and are a dark green colour. The melinjo fruit are round ovals that change from green to yellow to red as the fruit ripens. The fruit is about the size of a coin. Melinjo is natively from Indonesia and is commonly used in Indonesia in crackers (emping) where the seed is ground up then fried. The seed is also used in sour vegetables soup (sayur asem). The leaves are commonly used as indonesian spices as well. Melinjo seeds are rich in antioxidants that help increase endurance. The protein in a melinjo seed has been found to be very effective to get rid of free radicals cause various diseases, like, premature aging, narrowing of blood vessels, high cholesterol, and hypertension.
Gnetum gnemon is a species of Gnetum native to southeast Asia and the western Pacific Ocean islands, from Mizoram and Assam in India, south and east through Indonesia and Malaysia to the Philippines and Fiji. They are sometimes called padi oats or paddy oats.
It is a small to medium-size tree (unlike most other Gnetum species, which are lianas), growing to 15–20 m tall. The leaves are evergreen, opposite, 8–20 cm long and 3–10 cm broad, entire, emerging bronze-coloured, maturing glossy dark green. The fruit-like strobilus consist of little but skin and a large nut-like seed 2–4 cm long inside.
Fleshy strobili weigh about 5.5 g, the seed alone 3.8 g. Strobili mature mainly from June to September in NE Philippines. The red strobili are eaten by birds, mammals and reptiles.
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